We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
The cymbidium was the first orchid sold as an indoor plant. It has its origin in the tropical and equatorial areas of Southeast Asia and Australia, and its name comes from the Greek kumbos, which means hole, and refers to the shape of the lip base. Under this denomination, more than 100 varieties and thousands of hybrids are grouped into two groups: standard, which are solid plants with large flowers, and miniature, which are more compact, with smaller flowers that bloom in winter and have a large resistance - they endure light frosts -, so they are very easy to grow. The roots are whitish, thick and fleshy in texture.
Flowers. Its flowers, grouped in clusters, are the longest of all orchids, have a waxy texture and can be white, pink, yellow or mauve. The leaves, dark green, are tape-shaped and can measure up to a meter long.
When does it bloom? The flowering process is as follows: in spring and summer the formation and maturation of the new shoots, called pseudobulbs, takes place at the base of the old ones. In late summer and early fall, when temperatures begin to drop, the floral wand appears. At the end of autumn and during winter, flowering occurs, sometimes scented, and lasts between 8 and 12 weeks. To favor it, it is convenient to take the plant outside at the end of spring.
Which pot is appropriate? This plant does not need large pots. It grows best in spaces where the roots are very compact. It is not convenient to be a porous container, but it does have good drainage. And if it is transparent better, since in this way the roots will receive the light they need and, in addition, we can check their status.
Where is it most advisable to place it? The cymbidium requires a lot of light, although it is advisable to avoid sunning directly on the leaves, especially in the hottest hours. Endures quite cool temperatures, even below zero, if the substrate is completely dry and it is not for a long time. Just do not feel good air currents.
What type of soil do you need? The best substrate is the special for orchids. If you want to prepare it, choose a mixture of peat and bark, which drains well and with a pH between 5 and 6.
What is the best time to transplant it?? It should be done every two or three years, after flowering. There are two systems: in the first one the entire root ball is preserved, the pot is changed and filled with a new substrate, tightening well. The second, recommended when the roots are not well, consists of cutting the lower third of the root ball with a disinfected knife to avoid infections in the plant. Then, the remaining 2/3 are put in the pot and filled with substrate. This system seems more radical, but if the plant is healthy, it holds it well and strengthens it.
If you want to keep the floral wands upright and well, it is convenient that you put some guides. You can use tutors or simple sticks that are taller than the rods. The way to do it is as follows: the tutor sticks in the substrate, next to the rod, and fastens both with small tweezers or with special fasteners that do not damage the plant. Both are located in garden centers and department stores.3 Data sheet Dutch Flower Office
Light. It needs strong light throughout the year, but preventing direct sunlight from hitting it.
Temperature. So that the flowering is spectacular, the ideal in summer is from 23 to 30º C, and in autumn and winter, from 12 to 14º C.
Irrigation. It is convenient to water every 2 or 3 days from late spring to September, and in winter, once a week. It is very important to have a good drainage in the pot and that the water is not calcareous.
Fertilizer. In spring or summer, a liquid fertilizer for orchids should be added every two irrigations. It is advisable to do it with the wet substrate so as not to damage the roots with possible concentrations of mineral salts.
The leaves turn white. This indicates that the plant has a red spider and it must be treated with an arachnid substance.
The leaves are pale yellow and have black spots. It occurs when the plant is too exposed to the sun. It should be moved to a place where you do not get direct sunlight.
The roots are rotten and the aerial part weakened, so the plant is loose. This is due to the pythium parasite. To eliminate it, you can use thiophanate or benomyl.
Floral buttons do not open or fall out. The cause is excessive temperature. Change it to a cool place and spray the leaves with water, preventing it from falling in the center.
It should be located in a cool place, where it does not give direct sunlight and where there are no drafts that damage it.