Amarilis or amaryllis is how this plant is popularly known from the Amaryllidaceae family and whose scientific name is Hippesastrum. It comes from Central and South America, as well as the Caribbean, where you can also find beautiful varieties. The beauty and size of its flowers has aroused the interest of specialists, so there are a large number of hybrids that produce flowers of very different colors, as well as marbled ...
There are also dwarf species that produce four flowers per stem. The flower of this bulb is flared, with six petals and stamens very prominent. It has green and elongated leaves that come out after flowering, although sometimes they come out at the same time as the flowers. In these winter months it is time to plant the bulbs to give flowers in a few weeks. In florists you can find amaryllis in bloom, they come from bulbs that have been "forced" to produce an early flowering.
What are the steps to plant an amaryllis?First, choose a pot that is only slightly larger than the bulb, since they grow better this way. Next, place the bulb in the substrate, so that its two thirds are covered, leaving the upper part in the air. Do not forget to put a layer of sand so that there is a good drainage. Until it blooms, it should be watered about once a week, then the most abundant waterings will be made.
How long are the flowers? It depends a lot on the care you give: temperature, light ..., but if you have them in a cool place, well watered and paid, they usually last three to six weeks.
Can anything be done to make the flowers bigger?The larger the bulb, the more flowers it will give, they can measure up to 20 cm in diameter. Also, depending on the variety, the flowers will have different diameter; Dwarf species give much smaller flowers. Belladonna amaryllis, which comes from Africa, gives very large flowers that bloom from mid-winter until well into summer. This variety is also called pink lily and has a bulb more globose and larger than the rest.
Is it convenient to transplant the bulbs? Yes, the bulbs can last for many years, so it is appropriate to transplant every three to four years, but always remembering that you should not put it in a pot that is not too large.
Is it easy to multiply these plants? Yes. The most common ways of doing this are two: either by cutting the bulb into segments and planting them in different pots, or by separating the small bulbs that are usually born around the large one and planting them independently. You can also get amaryllis by seeds, the sowing is done in autumn, but it is a slower and more complicated process.
How to make a bulb last from one year to another?To achieve this purpose, cut the flowers just when they wilt, including the thick stem. Continue watering and paying the usual until the leaves dry. When this occurs, cut them at ground level and suspend the irrigation and the subscriber. If you leave the bulb in the pot, move it to a dark, cool and dry place, so that the rest period passes. If you prefer to take it out, wrap it in newspaper and store it in an equally dry, cool and dark place.
Light. While it blooms, it needs abundant light but no direct sun. When the flowers and leaves fall and go to rest, move them to a dark and dry place.
Temperature. Amaryllis do not support frost or temperatures below 6º C. Ideally, an average temperature of 18º C, while in bloom.
Irrigation. It is essential to water from below, since if the flowers or leaves get wet the plant will rot. While it is in bloom, it is necessary to irrigate little, once a week. When the flowers are in full bloom, two or three times a week and when you lose the leaves, suspend the watering, as the time of rest begins.
Fertilizer. From the beginning of flowering and until the leaves are lost, you need a liquid fertilizer for flowering plants every two weeks. It is important that you include iron and magnesium.
Mold appears on new shoots. This occurs when there has been little ventilation where they have been stored during the rest period. To fix it, spray with sulfur and put them in a well ventilated area.
The tips of the leaves turn yellow. Indicates an excess of water: let the substrate dry and then reduce the risks.
The buds that come out rot without getting to bloom. The cause is that they have fallen water when watering. It is very important that the water only wet the substrate, since both the flowers and the leaves of this plant are very sensitive to moisture and can be damaged if they get wet.
Did you know… ?Amaryllis Belladona gives great flowers and is an excellent plant to grow in a pot. Of course, it is very toxic, keep it away from pets and children.
It is time to transplant to another larger pot, if needed, the plants that have been giving flowers, such as begonia, calanchoe ... Prune poinsettia and reduce watering. It is also time to prune and pay the climbers and rose bushes.
Plant the perennials now, which will bloom in spring, and throw mulch on the plants you have on the terrace or balcony. Before it removes some of the old earth.
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