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This bulbous plant comes from the Mediterranean basins, Asia and North Africa. It is said that his name is due to the Greek Narcissus who, according to mythology, was a young man of great beauty, who when he was reflected on the surface of a river, fell in love with his own image. He drowned when he threw himself into the waters and in this same place this flower grew. Narcissus flowers are very beautiful and have different sizes and shapes depending on the variety. There are many, in addition to numerous hybrids. The most common are: tubal daffodils, they are named for the shape of their flowers, can measure up to 50 cm and gives a single flower per stem; Large cup daffodils, has the same measures as the previous one but, as the name implies, it gives a large flower; small cup daffodil, the plant is not more than 40 cm and the flowers are small; double flower daffodil, this variety gives several flowers per stem; Junquillo daffodil, measures between 30 and 45 cm, its stems are thin and gives between two and six small flowers per stem.
What to consider when buying this plant?
Choose specimens that have the leaves and the bottom clean and healthy and in which the flower begins to open a little.
How long do flowers usually last?
About 20 days, if you have not been in a place too hot. Heating is your worst enemy, as is the lack of water. If it doesn't freeze, take them out better outside the house during the night, so the flowers will hold on longer and be prettier.
What type of soil do you need?
A mixture of river sand, mulch and universal substrate is the most suitable. It is also very important and essential that the pot has a good drainage.
How to prevent stalks from spoiling with the weight of the flower. To avoid bending and staying well erect, since they are usually too thin, place a rod next to the stems and attach them to them.
You can keep the bulbs in good condition to plant themthe next year?
Yes, but you have to keep in mind that the daffodil is very sensitive to transplantation, so it is best that once the flowers acquire a yellowish hue, you remove them but leaving the bulbs in the ground until the next spring, in this way the following year the plant will have a more intense flowering. You can also take out the bulbs and save them. In this case, once removed, let them dry and store them in a cool, dry and ventilated place until the beginning of winter, at which time you have to plant them again.
Tolerates different lighting conditions very well, so in the shade they also bloom, although it is best to place them in places with light, without direct sun.
The ideal way for the daffodil to open all its flowers is between 16º C and 20º C, and at night between 10º C and 13º C.
Until early summer the irrigation should be very moderate, but always having moist soil. It is important that there is good drainage to avoid the waterlogging that the bulbs could rot.
When they have already bloomed it is not necessary, unless they want to keep for the following year, it is advisable to add potassium nitrate. If grown at home, fertilize with fertilizer rich in phosphorus, and after flowering, with potassium saltpeter or potassium nitrate.
TRICKS FOR CUT FLOWERS
The color and shape of the daffodil flower makes them perfect for making beautiful bouquets. To make you stay pretty much longer, just follow these steps:
1. Cut the skewed stems and make a vertical cut, about 5 cm, so that it has more surface to absorb water.
2. Once cut, dip the stem a moment in boiling water, so that the sap stops leaving and the flower loses nutrients.
PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
The leaves have yellowish spotsand pustules of a dark red color. The plant has rust, throws a fungicide.
- The leaves have elongated spotsDark gray and brown in flowers and covered with mold. This occurs when the narcissus has botritis. You have to eliminate all the leaves and plants that are infected and then add a fungicide.
- Elongated areas appear on the sheets as discolored This is because the plant has heterosporiosis. To prevent it, deal with products such as zineb, copper oxychloride, etc.
Spring is the best time of the year to do this type of operation, which will allow you to make a small and leafy plant two smaller ones. To do it correctly, you just have to follow these four steps, they are very simple.
1. Select two pots and place pebbles at the base for good drainage; Add a layer of compost.
2. With the help of a fork Wooden, tweezers or with a stick, clean the roots of the old earth.
3. Separate all roots well with your hands and very carefully, trying, as far as possible, not to break them.
4. Place each part in the new pots, fill with the appropriate substrate, press a little with your hands and water.